In 1969, approximately 150 people, mostly Japanese American college students, made the 230-mile trip to the site of the Manzanar concentration camp where 11,070 Japanese Americans and Japanese immigrants (who were prevented by racist laws from naturalizing) were unjustly incarcerated during World War II.
Their journey was the first organized Manzanar Pilgrimage, which has become an annual event since then. This film, by Don and Ron Rundstrom, documents that first Pilgrimage and through the use of historic photographs from the Japanese American incarceration experience, the film also attempts to provide the historical context for that first Pilgrimage.
Due to the fact that this film deteriorated over time, the video quality is poor. Also, before you think there’s something wrong with your playback device, this film was shot without audio. The second film contains color footage (also no audio) that did not make the cut, but is still very revealing.
You can watch the films below.
LEAD PHOTO: Participants in the first organized Manzanar Pilgrimage in 1969. National Park Service Photo/Evan Johnson Collection.
© 1970 Zumai Film, Don and Ron Rundstrom. All rights reserved. Permission granted to the Manzanar Committee for distribution.
The Manzanar Committee’s Official Blog is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. You may copy, distribute and/or transmit any story or audio content published on this site under the terms of this license, but only if proper attribution is indicated. The full name of the author and a link back to the original article on this site are required. Photographs, graphic images, and other content not specified are subject to additional restrictions. Additional information is available at: Manzanar Committee Official Blog – Licensing and Copyright Information.